In recent decades the world has seen tourism’s effects, both good and bad, on remote villages, beach destinations, and cities around the world. According to theUnited Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) in 2017, there were 1.323 billion international tourists arrivals worldwide, with a growth of 6.8% from 2016. In recent decades the desire for greater good, social and environmental sustainability has entered the mainstream with tourists wanting experiences that are authentic, unique and make a positive impact. However, with a rise in sustainable tourism, organizations and regulations are popping up in hopes to protect the environmental integrity, social justice, and economic development. We have also seen new modes of tourism come into popular public conscious. Terms like: responsible, sustainable, eco, ethical, green, volunteer, etc. have become a trend in travel, creating an enlightened sense of responsibility while abroad.
With international tourism on the rise, continuous strain and foreign influence are being thrust upon fragile habitats and indigenous cultures. Public conscious has seen a rise in awareness of the impacts of mass tourism as it relates to global warming, ethnocentrism and mass tourism. As a result, public disapproval and open discussions have lead to a shift in the way we travel.
Greater access to the internet has given young travelers access to the world at their fingertips. Travel blogs and social media accounts have become younger generations Tripadvisor. The classic vacation destinations are no longer doing the trick. This new generation of travelers wants to explore off the beaten path where Instagram pictures are plenty and the US dollar stretches further. As a result, gems like Ko Phi Phi, Thailand, and Coral Island, Australia have seen a massive rise in foreign visitors and are being overdeveloped. Environmental and social pollution are on the rise due to unsustainable tourism practices, begging the question of what it means to be a responsible traveler.